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Gordon Warren, PhD

Distinguished University Professor    

Ph.D.,Exercise Physiology
University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia (1989)

M.S., Biomedical Engineering
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts (1986)

B.S., Nuclear Engineering
Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia (1980)


Office Location

1281 Urban Life

Courses Taught

  • Research I: Methods
  • Research II: Investigations
  • Research III: Synthesis
  • Research IV: Dissemination
  • Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
  • Exercise Physiology
  • Pathophysiology

Selected Publications

Li, M.T., M.A. Ruehle, H.Y. Stevens, N. Servies, N.J. Willett, S. Karthikeyakannan, G.L. Warren, R.E. Guldberg, and L. Krishnan. Myoblast-seeded vascularized constructs in the treatment of a large volumetric muscle defect in the rat biceps femoris muscle. Tissue Eng. Part A. Epub ahead of print. DOI: 10.1089/ten.TEA.2016.0523

Morelli, K.M., L.B. Brown, and G.L. Warren. NSAID impact on acute skeletal muscle injury: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Am. J. Sports Med. Epub ahead of print. DOI: 10.1177/0363546517697957.

Warren, G.L., J.A. Call, A.K. Farthing, and B. Baadom-Piaro. Minimal evidence for a secondary loss of strength after an acute muscle injury: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Med. 47: 41-59, 2017.

Housley, S.N., D.L. Thompson, J.E. Lewis, and G.L. Warren. A proximal fibularis brevis muscle is associated with longitudinal split tendons: a cadaveric study. J. Foot Ankle Surg. 56: 34-36, 2017.

Tsai, L.C., Y.A. Ko, K.E. Hammond, J.W. Xerogeanes, G.L. Warren, and C.M. Powers Increasing hip and knee flexion during a drop-jump task reduces tibiofemoral shear and compressive forces: implications for ACL injury prevention training. J. Sports Sci. 23:1-7, 2017.

Willett, N.J., L. Krishnan, M.T. Li, R.E. Guldberg, and G.L. Warren. Guidelines for models of skeletal muscle injury and therapeutic assessment. Cells Tissues Organs. 202: 214-226, 2016.

Nichenko, A.S., W.M. Southern, M. Atuan, J. Luan, K.B. Peissig, S.J. Folz, A.M. Beedle, G.L. Warren, and J.A. Call. Mitochondrial maintenance via autophagy contributes to functional skeletal muscle regeneration and remodeling. Am. J. Physiol: Cell Physiol. 311: C190-200, 2016.

Collier, N.B., M.A. Hardy, M.L. Millard-Stafford, and G.L. Warren. Small beneficial effect of caffeinated energy drink ingestion on strength. J. Strength Cond. Res. 30: 1862-1870, 2016.

Henes, S.T., A. Johnson, M. Toner, K. Mamaril, M. Kelkar, Y. Xiao, and G.L. Warren. Assessing resting metabolic rate in overweight and obese adolescents with a portable indirect calorimeter: A pilot study for validity and reliability. Nutr. Clin. Pract. 31: 355-361, 2016.

Morelli, K.M., J.D. Garcia, L.B. Brown, A.K. Farthing, J.L. Miller, and G.L. Warren. Clinical measures predicting knee extensor muscle activation during a maximal voluntary isometric contraction. J. Exerc. Sports Orthop. 3: 1-10, 2016.

Morelli, K.M., M. Carrelli, M.A. Nunez, C. Smith, and G.L. Warren. Addition of hip exercises to treatment of patellofemoral pain syndrome: A meta-analysis. World J. Meta-Anal. 3: 118-124, 2015.

Novotny, S.A., G.L. Warren, and M.W. Hamrick. Aging and the muscle-bone relationship. Physiology. 30: 8-16, 2015.

Selected Presentations

“Recovery from varying types of muscle injury: Importance of repair versus regeneration and role of mitochondria”. Presented at the annual meeting of the Southeast Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine, February 16, 2017 (Invited Tutorial).

“Estrogen impacts inflammation and recovery of strength following traumatic muscle injury”. Presented at the 5th Annual Regenerative Rehabilitation Symposium at Emory University in Atlanta, GA, October 16, 2016 (Invited Tutorial).

“Problem: how do we advance the muscle-bone signaling story?” Presented by Susan Bloomfield, Mark Hamrick, and Gordon Warren at the Orthopaedic Research Society’s 46th International Sun Valley Workshop on Musculoskeletal Biology, August 10, 2016 (Refereed Symposium).

“Multisystem impact of estrogen-deficiency with aging and physical activity”. Presented by Wendy Kohrt, Dawn Lowe, Eija Pöllänen, Espen Spangenberg, and Gordon Warren at the annual meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, June 3, 2016 (Refereed Symposium).


  • Work-/exercise-induced and traumatic injuries of skeletal muscle
  • Functional interactions of bone and skeletal muscle in healthy, diseased, and injured conditions
  • Estrogen’s effect on skeletal muscle function
  • Factors affecting skeletal muscle activation (e.g., caffeine, body posture, clinical measures)


“Combining Clinically Available Rehabilitative and Regenerative Strategies to Improve Functional Outcomes after Severe Extremity Trauma” DOD grant in collaboration with the U.S. Army Institute of Surgical Research, 2016-2019.

“Interaction of Estrogen, Age and Activity on Musculoskeletal Strength in Females” NIH R01 grant in collaboration with the University of Minnesota, 2009-2019.

Professional Service Activities

American Federation for Aging Research (AFAR) National Scientific Advisory Council, Committee member, 2005-present.

Served as manuscript reviewer for the American Journal of Physiology, Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Aviation, Space, & Environmental Med Biological Research for Nursing, Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology, Cells, Tissues, & Organs, Clinical Science, European Journal of Applied Physiology, Hormone Research, International Journal of Sport Nutrition & Exercise Metabolism, Journal of Applied Physiology, Journal of Athletic Training, Journal of Biomechanics, Journal of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions, Journal of Physiology, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Medicine and Science in Sport and Exercise, Muscle and Nerve, PloS ONE, Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, and Sports Medicine.

Served on grant proposal review panels for the American Federation for Aging Research, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, the United Kingdom Government/Wellcome Trust, and the U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command.


Fellow, American College of Sports Medicine
Member, American Physiological Society

 Awards and Honors

  • Research publications have been cited over 7000 times in the scientific literature.
  • Recipient of three Department of Defense and three National Institutes of Health R01 research grants
  • Recipient of 2012 Henry J. Montoye Scholar Award in the Southeast Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine